Business Start-up and Success Strategies of the Ethnic Chinese Entrepreneurs in Australia: The PRC Chinese Immigrant Group Study

By Yurong Wang and James Warn.

Published by The International Journal of Organizational Diversity

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

After the China Tiananmen Square Incident in 1989, many of the PRC students studying in Australia were eventually granted Permanent Residence and went on to start up businesses. The paper investigates the experiences of these ethnic entrepreneurs and the pathways and resources they relied on to pursue their businesses. A qualitative approach using 17 in-depth interviews reveals that they started up businesses either by seeking market niches among co-ethnics or by purchasing or replicating businesses they were employed in after arriving in Australia. The study identifies that ethnic resources (e.g. family, ethnic social network, links to the country of origin) are significant for the PRC Chinese seeking market opportunities and raising start-up capital, while class resources (e.g. professional background, English proficiency, education, finance capital, prior work experience, personal attributes) are crucial to their business development. Innovation in the forms of management, specialization and localization enables their businesses to survive and further develop in Australia.

Keywords: The PRC Chinese, Ethnic Entrepreneurs, The 1980s, Australia, Business Start-up, Business Development

International Journal of Organizational Diversity, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp.11-24. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 265.879KB).

Yurong Wang

PhD Candidate, School of Business, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australia

I am a Ph.D. student studying in the University of New South Wales, Canberra. My Ph.D. thesis is regarding the business segment choices of ethnic Chinese entrepreneurs in Australia. This is a qualitative research based on in-depth interviews. I am now in my third year, and finished my field work several months ago.

Dr. James Warn

Senior Lecturer, School of Business, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australia